Canarium schweinfurthii pdf
Canarium schweinfurthii, were planted together with cocoa under the cocoa-based farming system. The pulps were separated from the seeds, dried in an air tight oven at 105oC for 5hrs and ground into fine powder.
The terminal velocity and Reynolds number showed a high correlation to unit mass and regression models were developed in the form of linear and polynomial relationships. Manipulating plant functional diversity to improve agroecosystem multifunctionality is a central challenge of agricultural systems world‐wide.
fruits oil (large and long) were studied at four different temperatures (30, 40, 50 and 60 o C) and three shear rates (7.91, 15.82 and 39.54 s –1).SurgiFriend Medical (model NDJ-5S) viscometer was used to carry out the study. Abstra ct: In the present study, the properties of activated carbons prepared from Canarium schweinfurthii nutshell by thermal and chemical activation methods were compared. IJSER is an open access international journal or a large number of high quality and peer reviewed research publishing in all the fields of science, engineering and technology.
The air-dried plant material (3 Kg) was powdered and macerated at room temperature with 12L of ethanol-water system (50/50, v/v). Samples that were stored at 18°C and -33°C, were analyzed after 1 month, 1 year and 2 years,.
Canarium schweinfurthii extract showed the best activity with MIC values ranging from 64 to 1024 μg/mL against 89.5% of the 19 tested bacteria strains. The nutritional potential of the fruits of Black Olive (Canarium schweinfurthii Linn) were assessed by determining proximate and elemental composition. Canarium schweinfurthii is a large forest tree with its crown reaching to the upper canopy of the forest, with a long clean, straight and.
Description: This study examined the effect of seed source and pre-sowing treatment on germination of Canarium schweinfurthii [Engl] seeds. schweinfurthii locally known as “Bete” is a big tree up to 40 m high and 1.5 m diameter with cylindrical bole scaly bark exuding resin, with buttresses not much developed . The fruit pulp contains 30 to 50% of oil used for the manufacture of *Corresponding author. Cereal grains are gathered from the wild and scattered so that they can be more easily collected the following year. Canarium Schweinfurthii is used for bacterial infections, fungal infections, oxidative stress and other conditions. Consumption Purposes African elemi is an edible fruit that can be consumed raw but preferably softened in warm water to boost the taste. Yoruba Medicine – History The medical traditions of the Yoruba people of western Nigeria developed within a culture that deeply respects and venerates ancestors.The orishas, or gods of the Yoruba, were former ancestors such as Oduduwa, the legendary ancestor of all Yoruba people, and his son Ogun. FSC is an independent, non-governmental, not for profit organization established to promote the responsible management of the world’s forests.
The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Environmental concerns arising from the exploitation of conventional coarse aggregates (mainly crushed rocks) and the need to provide more sustainable alternatives; the need to manage and utilize agricultural wastes having suitable properties one of which is canarium schweinfurthii (atili) seed have led to many research efforts aimed at addressing such concerns and issues. The results of study showed that Wawabima was the strongest whilst Bediwonua was the weakest in terms of their bending strength, density and modulus of elasticity. The population, of about 14,000 inhabitants, are mostly peasant farmers who grow corn for subsistence and rice and coffee as cash crops. African elemi is a small bluish-purple drupe characterized by its hard edible shell with a solid seed. 1 showed weak α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, and its structure was unambiguously deduced by single-crystal X-ray diffraction.
This work is part of a vast project to valorize the above-mentioned cores for possible industrial use as charges in composites or abrasives materials. Canarium schweinfurthii is a perennial plant, with oil bearing seeds, which is available abundantly in Nigeria and other parts of the tropics. 3 were used for Mucuna pruriens leaves experiments, well 5 to 7 for Canarium schweinfurthii leaves experiments, wells 9 to 11 Canarium schweinfurthii bark and wells 12 to 14 were used for both negative and positive controls. Essential oils of the resins of Canarium schweinfurthii harvested in Lolodorf (South region), and Mbouda (West region) and Aucoumea klaineana harvested in Lolodorf were extracted by hydrodistillation, with yields of 7.2%, 5.3% and 3.3% respectively. The results of this study will be helpful in the design of handling, and processing systems for Canarium schweinfurthii nuts. 3 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Wood is an organic material with a hard fibrous tissue found in trees and many plants. One hundred and twenty 3-week old male broiler chickens were used to evaluate the effects of dietary charcoal from Canarium schweinfurthii (charcoal A) and maize cob (charcoal B) on aflatoxin B1 toxicosis in broiler chickens.
Heavy metals such as Zn, Pb, Fe, and Cu are abundant in the environment and contribute largely to the sustainability and equilibrium of ecosystem processes. Activated carbons were prepared by phosphoric acid activation of Canarium Schweinfurthii spent nutshell. Results indicate crude fat of the fruit as 64.04%, protein 6.39%, fibre 16.37%, carbohydrate 3.85%, respectively. The flow characteristics of three varieties of Canarium schweinfurthii Engler nuts (Canarium schweinfurthii short, Canarium schweinfurthii long and Canarium schweinfurthii large – CSHTLRG) relevant for the design and development of handling and storage systems was studied at three different moisture levels (10.20, 17.23 and 25.06% wet basis). A total of 280 unsexed broiler chicks, 21 days-old and weighing 580 g on average were randomly distributed into 28 experimental units of 10 birds each.
These results suggest that Canarium schweinfurthii variety with thick mesocarp is nutritive despite the presence of some anti-nutritive components like oxalate in very low levels. In the open areas, there are ﬁ sh-rearing ponds and gardens that attract some bird species. Of the 78 epiphytic species recorded, the largest groups were the monocotyledons (51 species) and the pteridophytes (20 species), while the dicotyledons (7 species) were the smallest. Bacterial infections caused by multidrug resistant phenotypes constitute a worldwide health concern. Its spent nutshell generates a lot of waste that could serve as a reliable feedstock to obtain carbons with good adsorptive properties. Canarium schweinfurthii is a large forest tree, which often grows as high as 50 m tall in the Savanna and sub-Savanna belts of Nigeria. The canarium schweinfurthii shells were collected from the locality of Bayangam in the west region of Cameroon.
A survey was undertaken in selected locations in Jos North and South Areas of Plateau State Nigeria to document the Indigenous/Traditional Knowledge of Canarium schweinfurthii Engl. The Tree: Reaches a height of 150 ft with a straight cylindrical bole to 90 ft, trunk diameters 4 to 5 ft over a slight buttress. Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two vegetable oils on the growth, blood lipids, lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress in rats. A chemical screening was done on these active plants indicating the presence of alkaloids and polyphenols probable responsible of this activity. black fruits called Canarium Schweinfurthii, which contains a hard core which is thrown away after consumption of the fruit.
This study examined the effect of seed source and pre-sowing treatment on germination of Canarium schweinfurthii [Engl] seeds. schweinfurthii stem bark showed high degree of larvicidal activity with 74 % inhibition at 10 μg/ml with ethylacetate crude extract showing a zone of inhibition of 22-33 mm against Gram-negative bacteria with a MIC of 12.5 mg/ml and, MBC and MFC of 25 mg/ml. seeds and maize cob could be used as feed additives to absorb aflatoxin B1 and promote growth per-formance of broiler chickens.
They are often cultivated for its fruits, which are edible, purplish, ellipsoid but slightly three-angled. Additionally, malondialdehyde production was significantly decreased in the liver, heart and lungs after administration of Canarium schweinfurthii extract at all doses. As shown in Plate II, the fruit is a drupe containing a single triangular shaped seed surrounded by a delicious purplish green pulp .Generally, the fruit pulp is eaten either raw or softened by macerating in warm water. The adsorption of Cu2+ions on activated carbon based canarium schweinfurthii impregnated with ZnCl2 was studied. The need to develop new construction materials is a major challenge for scientists in this century. Enjoy unrestricted access to all content and features, including: PDF viewer and download. oleaginous , incense tree (Canarium schweinfurthii L.) and oil palm, which are the most abundant food remains for all phases of occupation at Bosumpra.
The in vitro anthelmintic evaluation of the crude extracts and solvent partitions on Pheretima posthuma and Ascarissuum (eggs and L2 stage) respectively showed significant results at the same concentration (10, 20, 40 and 80 mg/ml). Results showed that the extraction yields varied (dry basis) from 17.43 to 39.57% for shea butter and from 16.10 to 40.45% for Canarium oil. while animals treated with 19 and 75 mg/kg of Canarium schweinfurthii extract recovered on day 9 and those with 5 mg/kg of the extract on day 10. The use of soxhlet extraction (Solvent extraction) gave a reasonable percentage of oil (51.2%) by weight in grams. The adsorption of Cu2+ions on activated carbon based canarium schweinfurthii impregnated with ZnCl 2 was studied. Abstract: Canarium schweinfurthii (Atile) leaves from Lamingo Area of Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau State were screened for the presence of chemically active compounds by standard methods.The results revealed the presence of the following compounds: Saponins, Tannins, Cardiac glycoside, Steroids and Flavonoid. Canarium schweinfurthii Engl fruit oil was achieved by solvent-solvent extraction . It is the first member of a new class of triterpenoids, for which the name “canarane’’ is proposed.
This could be altered by the processing method.
Our primary objective is to assist and guide final year students with well researched and quality project topics, project works, research guides, and project materials, at a very reduced and affordable price. Aim of the Study: The effect of seed source and different pre-sowing treatments on its seed germination was investigated. To read the chapter of this research, you can request a copy directly from the author.
The collection and processing of these taxa, especially incense tree, were important activities performed at the shelter, and likely influenced the timing of the use of the shelter. The oils were extracted from the mesocarp and endocarp using hexane to remove the free flowing lipid (FFL) and successive extraction with CHCl3-MeOH followed by water saturated butanol to remove bound lipid (BL).
schweinfurthii were dried, ground into powders and analyzed for protein and amino acid contents using standard methods. The flowering period ranges from January till March, but some trees can bear flowers up till April.
Salmonella is a major source of food-borne illness in humans and a major cause of morbidity, mortality and economic loss both in the poultry and human health sectors. In addition, 0.5 mL of plant extract at different concentrations of 10, 20, 40 and 80 mg/mL were added. On a dry matter basis, the fruit pulp from Côte d’Ivoire (the Ivory Coast) was found to contain 5.6% protein, 30–50% fat, 8.2% starch, 11.8% cellulose and 8.3% ash (the highest mineral elements being potassium, 1.2% and calcium, 0.4%). The microorganisms involved in the fermentation of castor oil bean for ogiri production were isolated and characterized. ABSTRACT Background: Canarium schweinfurthii is an important forest tree crop that has a germination problem due to a hard seed coat.